Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released by the cells of body fluids like blood and serum and are considered as important mediators in intercellular communication. They have the ability to transfer proteins, DNA, and mRNA. Also they can alter the tumor microenvironment by regulating immunity, angiogenesis and metastasis. Exosomal nucleic acids are widely used as cancer biomarkers due to their stability against RNase-dependent degradation. They are capable of stable transfer of drugs, therapeutic microRNAs and proteins. Many researches is going on to increase drug resistance using exosomes.
- Track 1-1 Extracellular vesicles
- Track 2-2 Transfer DNA and mRNA
- Track 3-3 Regulate immunity
- Track 4-4 Increase drug resistance